It’s important that you choose a quality broadhead. There are many things to consider when making your selection though. Here are a few things to keep in mind when choosing archery broadheads.
Fixed vs Mechanical
There are basically two types of heads, fixed and mechanical. The blades on mechanical heads fold into the body during flight and open during penetration. Fixed blades are always open during flight. Both designs have advantages and disadvantages.
Since fixed blades are always open, it’s much easier for the arrow to be affected by the wind. You also have to be careful around them so that you don’t accidentally cut yourself. The main advantage of fixed blades is that you never have to worry about the blades failing to open. Also, the blades ability to cut won’t be compromised if they get wet or dirty.
Since the blades on mechanical heads are folded in during flight, your arrow will fly much like a field point. Therefore, you won’t have to tune as much just to attain tight groupings. You also don’t have to worry about cutting yourself accidentally.
Mechanical designs have their disadvantages though. There’s always the chance that the blades won’t open at all, which will cause you to lose your animal. Also, the blades may also fail to open if they get wet or are clogged with dirt.
Another important factor when choosing archery broadheads is your shooting speed. If you shoot a slower bow, you would be better off shooting fixed-blade broadheads. You would also be better off choosing a design with two blades instead of four. There will be less resistance, so your arrow should penetrate deeper despite your slower shooting speed.
If you have a faster speed and higher draw weight, your options open up dramatically. You should be able to shoot both mechanical and fixed designs with great success. You can also use larger blades that offer larger cutting surfaces.
You will also have to decide which type of leading edge your broadhead has. There are cut-on and chisel tip edges. Cut-on tips slice through hide, so they require little energy. They can be shot from slower bows. Chisel tip edges have to punch through the hide before the blade surfaces start cutting. They require much more energy in order to be effective. However, they’re much more durable that cut-on contact tips.
Whether you’re a hunter or a competitor, you will want to shoot as accurately as possible. Archery sights will definitely help with your accuracy. Depending on your intended use, there are different options available for you.
First and foremost, you have pin sights. The pins can either be fixed or movable. Fixed pin sights typically have three or five pins mounted on a circular ring on a vertical or horizontal plane. You have to set each pin to a specific distance. Once you’ve tightened them, you won’t have to adjust your bow sight anymore like with movable pin designs.
Movable pin sights just have one pin. You have to move this pin up and down depending on the distance to your target. This type of sight can present problems when used for hunting, since the target will likely be moving around. This means, you’ll have to adjust the pin whenever your target moves.
There are also pendulum archery sights. They’re very useful if you’re hunting from a treestand. Pendulum sights are designed to help compensate for added elevation on downhill shots. The pin swings out and up as you tip your bow forward for a downhill shot. This type of sight isn’t effective when shooting from level ground. Also, it isn’t as accurate with shots at longer range.
If you’re a competitive shooter, you may want to consider 3D competition or target sights. They are basically movable pin bow sights, but also have a system to make adjustments for wind and elevation. These sights are very complex, large, and expensive. Therefore, hunters rarely use them.